Aerides odorata Lour.
Epiphyte on medium to large sized tree trunks or branches. Stem stout, branched. Leaves oblong, 15-20×2.5- 4.6 cm, apex obtuse, bifid. Inflorescences axillary, floral bracts ovate, apex obtuse. Flowers 2.5 cm across, tinged with pink. Dorsal sepal oblong, apex rounded; lateral sepals broadly ovate, apex obtuse. Petals subelliptic, apex obtuse. Lip 3-lobed; lateral lobes obovate-cuneate, apex rounded, midlobe oblong, spur angulated. Column short.
Flowering time: May-July, fruiting July-November
Habitat: Occurs in the mixed forest of Eastern and Central Nepal at an elevation of 200-1100 meters.
Distribution: Nepal, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Vietnam.
Medicinal use: Leaf paste applied as poultice on cuts and wounds. It contains antibacterial
Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Bl.
Epiphyte on tree trunk. Stem stout, sheathed by leaves base. Leaves oblong-lanceolate, 15-20×2-5 cm, apex bifid. Inflorescence pendant, rachis with densely many flowers; floral bracts ovate, apex acute. Flowers white with purple spots, 1.5 cm across. Dorsal sepal oblong-elliptic, apex obtuse; lateral sepals ovate, apex obtuse. Petals oblong-ovate, apex obtuse. Lip concave, hypochile saccate, apex rounded, epichile obovate-cuneate, and apex obtuse. Column cylindrical.
Flowering time: June-July, fruiting July-November
Habitat: Occurs in the sun exposed forest of Eastern and Central Nepal at an elevation of 300- 1800 meters.
Distribution: Eastern, Central and Western Nepal, China, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Vietnam.
Medicinal use: Leaves are used to treat rheumatism and root juice is applied to cuts and wounds.
Vanda tessellata(Roxb.) Rchb. f.
Epiphyte on tree trunk. Stem stout, sheathed by leaves. Leaves linear-oblong, 7.5-10×1-1.2 cm, apex unequally bifid. Inflorescence sub-erect, rachis with 5-12 flowers. Flowers tessellated with brown, 5 cm across. Sepals spath ulate, obtuse; petals obovate, falcate. Lip 3-lobed; side lobes erect, obtuse, midlobe oblong, apex broad, erose, spur conical. Column thick, short.
Flowering time: April-July, fruiting July-September
Habitat: Occurs in the warm forest of Eastern, Central and Western Nepal at an elevation of
Distribution: Nepal, Burma, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka.
Medicinal use: Root is used in rheumatism and allied disorders.
Cymbidium aloifolium (L.) Sw.
Epiphyte and or lithophyte. Pseudobulbs ovoid, enveloped by leaf bases. Leaves leathery, linear-ligulate, 40- 90×1.5-4 cm, apex bifid. Inflorescences basal, pendant. Flowers 3 cm across, light yellow with reddish purple chestnut stripes. Sepals subequal, oblong-elliptic, blunt. Petals elliptic, blunt. Lip subovate, 3-lobed; lateral lobes erect, blunt, mid lobe recurved, ovate-oblong, disc with 2 lamellae, both ends dilated. Column curve forward. Capsule oblong-elliptic.
Flowering time: March-April, fruiting April-November
Habitat: On tree trunks or on cliffs on open rocks of Eastern and Central Nepal at an elevation of 300-1600 meters.
Distribution: Nepal, Bhutan, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Vietnam.
Medicinal use: Paste from rhizome and root used for fracture and dislocated bones.